Month: June 2012

TEMPORARY STOP GAP MEASURES TO RESOLVE THE CRISIS

Immad Alam The electricity crisis that has engulfed Pakistan for the last one decade is of extreme nature and long term steps are needed by the government to find a permanent solution to the crisis. More dams, introduction of coal in the energy mix, and resolution of circular debt are some of the major issues that would require serious attention and resource allocation by the government. It is imperative that the government works earnestly towards a long term solution. It is however, equally important to provide intermediate short term solutions in order to take maximum benefit out of the already installed capacity.

THERMAL COAL SOLUTIONS-HOW AND WHEN

Immad Alam According to World Bank, 40% of the total electricity produced worldwide is from coal. Compared to this worldwide average, contribution from coal in Pakistan’s overall energy mix is only 7% and further only 0.1% is used in power generation. On the other hand China generates 79% of its power from coal while USA generates 45% and Germany 44%.

HYDRO-ELECTRIC SOLUTIONS-HOW AND WHEN?

Immad Alam Pakistan’s current power crisis is almost a direct manifestation of its circular debt issue. The issue itself owes its existence mainly to the country’s dependence on thermal electricity generation rather than hydropower solutions. Currently, only 33% of Pakistan’s power comes from Hydro-electric resources, despite the fact that Pakistan is an agrarian economy. Dams here can serve the dual purpose of power generation and water reservation.

IMPACT OF ELECTRICITY CRISIS

Immad Alam The acute power crisis that has gripped Pakistan over the last few years has had a major impact on the economic, political and social well-being of the country. The crisis is the most palpable to an average citizen of the country in terms of its direct and trickle down effects.