All posts tagged: State

STATE AND RELIGION IN PAKISTAN

PTH By Shahnaz Khan Will separation of state and religion contradict the spirit of the creation of Pakistan?  Does this division threaten Islam? Should the state regulate the religious beliefs and activities of ALL Muslims?  These questions are being hotly debated in Pakistan, with the primary focus on either the two nation theory or the vision of Jinnah.  It, perhaps, may be more productive to review historical data and some fundamental principles of Islam in resolving these issues. After all this controversy is neither unique to Pakistan or Islam.  It will also be helpful to define a secular state:  A state which is not hostile to religion but is neutral to the religious preference of its citizens.

The Nation-State and Social Order in the Perspective of Islam

I. The Family: First Level of Social Organization Human association has had a long history which three institutions had struggled to dominate. The first is the family, which has blood and heredity for bases. The characteristics it engenders in humans are innate and immutable. Indeed, they are constitutive of the relationship. Certainly family-living engenders in humans other characteristics which are acquired through association.

The Taliban Mindset

  By Dr. Khalil Ahmad In order to secure constitutional protection for Muslims, the Muslim League argued in separatist language on the basis of a different religious identity. However, as the Congress would not budge on the issue, the Muslim League went ahead with its demand for Pakistan. Thus, the constitutional issue was merged into a religious issue. Naturally when Pakistan came into being, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah found himself facing a dilemma: the Muslim League had been using the rhetoric of separate religious identity and now he wanted to make the new homeland a religiously neutral state as is evident from his speech of August 11, 1947. That it could not happen, and the controversy lives to this day, proves that.

Threats to the State

By Farzana Bari Published in The News The multiple crises the state is faced with today bring home the stark realisation that the policies pursued by the state elite over the last 62 years for national security in Pakistan were incorrect and misplaced. The territory-centered state security paradigm has resulted in a lack of human security that is now posing the biggest internal threat to the country. Massive economic insecurity, illiteracy, rising unemployment, inflation, energy and water shortages, food insecurity, inaccessibility to social sector services, militancy, sectarianism and extremism, rampant kidnapping and killing for ransom and the complete breakdown of law and order are some of the real existential threats to the security of the state today.

Making Pakistan a Tenable State: What Needs to be Done

By Zulfiqar Gilani, iftikhar haq, Anis Haroon, Dr. Mubashir Hassan, Shahid Hafiz Kardar, Tahir Mohammad Khan, Afrasiab Khattak, , Khalid Mehboob, Hussain Naqi, M.B. Naqvi, Yousaf Nazar, I. A. Rehman, Rafi Raza, Fareeda Shaheed, Anwar Syed, Dr. Parvez Tahir, Hasan Jafar Zaidi What Needs to be Done The state of Pakistan is gradually moving towards the brink of failure. The federal and provincial governments and the military have proved to be incapable of protecting life, liberty, property and dignity of an overwhelming majority of its citizens; to dispense justice on the basis of equality and fairness, and to provide equality of economic opportunities with diverse classes, nations, sects, religions and sexes. Crime, corruption, poverty, disease, ignorance and obscurantism abound.  The overwhelming majority of the people of Pakistan have no share in governing themselves. The country is ruled by the government of the elites, by the elites and for the elites. The authoritative and exploitative structure of governance s responsible for the never ending constitutional crises that have plagued Pakistan and for its earning the reputation …